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Project Code

31-3-093-2558

Research team

Researchers

Co - Researcher

Project Details

Strategies
Category
Support
Project duration

Start: 1 December 2014
End: 30 November 2015

Contact

Project Status

Completed - 100%

Viewer: 1811

Publish date6 February 2015 09:47

Project Summary

Abstract

Oral cancer is the 6th most common type of cancer in Thailand. The early stage, oral potentially malignant disorder (PMD), can be cured if detected and treated immediately. Currently, more than 80 percent of patients were diagnosed in the advanced stage. Hence, there is the oral cancer screening program for early detection among Thai population aged 40 and above. This study aims to assess the cost-utility of the oral precancer screening program compared to the non-screening program. A cost-utility analysis was conducted using a Markov. A societal perspective and a life-time horizon were applied. Variables used in the model were derived from primary data collected, interviewing patients, and reviewing both local and international literature. The results show that the screening program yielded higher costs (1279 baht) and QALYs (0.0041 year) as compared to the no screening program, producing an ICER of 313,391 baht per QALY gained. This indicates that the screening program is not cost-effective in the Thai context, where the cost-effectiveness threshold is 160,000 baht per QALY gained. However, the screening program would become cost-effective if it is increased effectiveness of MSE (sensitivity and specificity of at least 60 percent) or enhanced effectiveness of visual screening by trained dental nurses (sensitivity and specificity of at least 80 percent). Moreover, if removing the process of visual inspection by trained dental nurses, the screening program would be the most cost-effective with an ICER of 74,698 baht per QALY gained.