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Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) develop a resistance or tolerance to the medicines that are used to combat these microorganisms, such that these treatments are no longer effective. AMR has been increasing in low-, middle- and high-income countries around the world in recent years, including in Thailand where a 2011 study estimated that there were 87,000 new AMR infections, an additional 3 million days of hospital stay, and 38,000 deaths of patients with AMR infections per year.

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